Tuesday, April 7, 2020
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Friday, March 6, 2020
Previously, we traced a branch of Tuchfelds from Rzeszow to Tennessee. In our last blog post, Using Wills and City Directories for a Genealogy Project, we mentioned Joseph son of Salomon Tuchfeld. According to his birth record, Joseph Tuchfeld was born in Przemsyl, Galicia in 1865 as Joel Tuchfeld. His passenger manifest states that Joel Tuchfeld arrived in New York in 1881. While researching Joel, who used the name Joseph/ Joe in the US and eventually moved to Jackson, Tennessee, we found his marriage.
In 1899 Joe Tuchfeld married Raye Levy in Pulaski, Arkansas. Why did Joe Tuchfeld go to Arkansas to find a wife? Are there other Tuchfelds there? Yes. While looking through the marriage records, we found a Joel Tuchfeld who married Grace Levy in Pulaski, Arkansas in 1898. Coincidence? No. Our previous Tuchfeld Project research showed that Joel Tuchfeld was the first cousin of Joe Tuchfeld.
|Joel Tuchfeld Grace Levy 1898 Marriage|
|Joe Tuchfeld Raye Levy 1899 Marriage|
So now we know the connection between the Tuchfeld men, but what about the Levy women? Are they related? Arkansas marriage records from this era did not list parents’ names. Unfortunately, there are limited vital records (birth, marriage, death) for Arkansas in this time period. Census records were not helpful. So, we searched for an alternate source of information. We searched through online newspapers to solve our mystery and confirmed our suspicion that Raye and Grace Levy were sisters. We found the 1922 obituary for Emma Levy, recorded as mother of Mrs. Grace (Levy) Tuchfeld of Little Rock and Mrs. (Raye Levy) Joe Tuchfeld of Jackson, Tennessee.
|Emma Levy 1922 Obituary|
Sometimes answers to genealogy mysteries are not found in traditional record sources. Creative research can be the answer.
Friday, February 7, 2020
In our last blog post, Using Passenger Manifests for a Genealogy Project, we followed Samuel Tuchfeld from Rzeszow to New York where he interacts with other Tuchfelds. Now we will follow another Tuchfeld from Rzeszow. Salomon Tuchfeld was born in Rzeszow in 1843, according to his birth record. In the 1860’s he moved to Przemysl, where his second son was born. On September 25, 1870, Salomon Tuchfeld departs the port of Hamburg, Germany for America.
|Salomon Tuchfeld age 32 from Przemsyl Manifest|
|Salomon Tuchfeld 1874 New Orleans, LA City Directory|
In 1900 Salomon is living in Jackson, Tennessee and his occupation is recorded in the US Census as merchant. In 1904 Salomon Tuchfeld is listed in the Jackson, Tennessee city directory as the owner of Sol Tuchfeld & Sons – “dry goods, clothings, shoes, and gents' furnishings”. There are a total of five Tuchfelds listed in this directory, including Sol’s sons Aaron and Joseph and Sol’s daughter Claudia. The fifth Tuchfeld is Moses Tuchfeld. Further research into Moses Tuchfeld revealed that he is ten years older than Salomon. We found Moses living in Jackson, Tennessee as early as 1876, before Salomon arrived in Jackson. We were unable to find their familial connection, but wonder if Moses was the reason for Salomon leaving Louisiana and moving to Tennessee. A further connection between Moses and Salomon’s family was found in Moses Tuchfeld’s will. Moses named Salomon’s son Aaron as trustee and Joseph as successor trustee in his will. Unfortunately, Moses Tuchfeld did not state his relationship to Aaron and Joseph in the will.
|Salomon Tuchfeld 1904 Jackson, TN City Directory|
|Moses Tuchfeld Will|
There is evidence of a connection between Salomon Tuchfeld, of Rzeszow and Moses Tuchfeld, born in Austria. The nature of this connection remains unclear.
Jacobson and Jacobson Genealogy Researchers http://www.bocafengshui.com/genealogy.html Jewish Genealogy Researchers in Boca Raton and online.
Monday, January 13, 2020
So far, we have been using Galician vital records to connect the Tuchfelds of Rzeszow. Now we are moving on to use US vital records to connect the Tuchfelds that migrated to the US. If we can connect the US Tuchfelds, then maybe we can work backwards and connect more Tuchfelds in earlier Rzeszow records.
We started this stage of the project by searching for Tuchfeld passenger arrival manifests. We searched Ancestry for Tuchfelds arriving in NY from 1820 to 1957. The Tuchfelds range from 1880 to 1952.
|Ancestry search for Tuchfelds NY arrivals|
|1880 NY Manifest for Samuel Tuchfeld|
|Samuel Tuchfeld US Passport 1893|
|Samuel Tuchfeld NYC directory 1889|
Sunday, December 15, 2019
In our most recent blog post, “Using Naming Patterns for a Genealogy Project,” we attempted to connect Tuchfeld families in Rzeszow based on naming patterns. We checked to see if children were named for possible ancestors who had recently died. In the blog post previous, “Using House Numbers for a Genealogy Project,” we charted Tuchfeld house numbers in Rzeszow to look for family connections. We found evidence that hinted at connections but we needed more evidence.
We decided to study Rzeszow’s Tuchfeld family units in a comparative way. Focusing on our direct line ancestors, we compared them to other Tuchfeld lines having children in Rzeszow at the same time, looking for similar names. These families had house number connections and naming pattern connections to our direct ancestor Naftali Tuchfeld, noted in our previous research.
Naftali Tuchfeld was married twice. He had two known children with his first wife and nine known children with his second wife. They were all born in Rzeszow between 1861-1887. We compared Naftali’s children’s names with the children of his five possible siblings. Of Herske Tuchfeld’s eight children, four names matched Naftali’s family. Abrahm’s six children matched three of Naftali’s children. Rachel Tuchfeld Zweckenbaum’s three children matched two of Naftali’s eleven children. Salomon David Tuchfeld and Rachel Tuchfeld (maiden name Tuchfeld, so either Salomon David or Rachel could be Naftali’s sibling) had eight children with four names in common with Naftali’s children. We wondered if this was showing us a relationship or just the most popular baby names in the region at the time. We tested our theory by comparing Naftali’s children’s names against two control families. We chose two (as far as we know) unrelated large families, whose children were born at the same time as Naftali’s and lived in Rzeszow and a neighboring town (Sokolow). Of these non-Tuchfelds, one had ten children with two names matching Naftali’s children. The other non-Tuchfeld family had eleven children with one name matching Naftali’s children. Based on the analysis of our family group naming patterns, Naftali Tuchfeld’s children seem to have more names in common with these contemporary Tuchfelds than with contemporary, local non-Tuchfelds. This leads us to believe that these other Tuchfelds may be Naftali’s siblings, first cousins or other close relatives.
|Four Hersch Tuchfelds born in Rzeszow|
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Previously, we attempted to connect all of the various Tuchfelds, appearing in 19th century Rzeszow Jewish records, using a variety of genealogical research strategies. These genealogical research techniques included: using Family Tree Maker Program, using Microsoft One Note, creating a timeline, organizing records, re-analyzing research, and using house numbers to connect family members.
So how do we connect these elder Tuchfelds to each other, no less to the later generations of Tuchfelds? Let’s look at the clues in the records. In our last blog post we connected families using house numbers. But the records also give us other information. The records give us names. In addition to surnames, most records include given names. With first names, we can theorize naming patterns based on Ashkenazi Jewish naming tradition. In Ashkenazi Jewish naming tradition, children are not named for living relatives. They are most often named for deceased grandparents or other close adult relatives who have died. Comparing the lists of deaths to the lists of births, we were able to postulate some relationships.
We found that certain given names repeat over and over again in the family. We focused on the most popular Tuchfeld names in Rzeszow. We created a chart listing those first names and the years of birth and death for the Rzeszow Tuchfelds who held the name. Using this chart, we tried to see if we could find any connection between the deaths and those being given the names. Many were unclear, but some clarified direct relationships.
We created a chart listing three Hirsch Tuchfelds who appear to be named after Hirsch Tuchfeld who died 1852 and three Pessel Tuchfelds who seem to be named after Pessel Tuchfeld who died 1860. We think this is likely based on their birth years being right after the 1852 death of Hirsch Tuchfeld and 1860 death of Pessel Tuchfeld. This type of indirect evidence is not conclusive, but it could help us build a case for a relationship between these Tuchfelds. Our goal of the project is to build relationships between these Tuchfelds.
|Hirsch Tuchfeld and Pessel Tuchfeld in Naming Pattern Chart|
Monday, October 7, 2019
In our previous post, we discussed the use of a timeline in genealogy. We sorted our Tuchfelds born in Rzeszow before 1800 with the eldest at the top. We hoped this would help us connect these Tuchfelds to each other and then later generations.
The records we examined also gave us house numbers. We used house numbers to connect elder Tuchfelds in the timeline and theorize relationships. We examined the house numbers and found three Tuchfelds, born before 1800, died in the same house. Kreindl Tuchfeld 1796 - 1848, Joel Tuchfeld 1788 - 1856, and Pesche Taube Tuchfeld 1789 - 1856. Is this a married couple and sister, sister-in-law, or second wife, etc.? Who is Joel Tuchfeld married to? The house numbers narrow down the possibilities, but do not give us the answer.
|Kreindl Tuchfeld’s 1848 Rzeszow Death Record|
|Joel Tuchfeld’s 1856 Rzeszow Death Record|
|Pesche Taube Tuchfeld’s 1856 Rzeszow Death Record|
House numbers did help us solve other genealogical questions related to this project. When we found the death record for a Hersz Tuchfeld who died Aug 22 1856 in house 88 at age 55 we were unsure of whose death record we had found. There were two Hirsch (Hersz) Tuchfelds who fit the profile. One was married to Chana and the one was married to Szeindel. Chane Tuchfeld died Dec 19 1856 in house 88 age 52. Szeindel did not die in Rzeszow. This leads us to believe that the Hersz Tuchfeld, who died in house 88, was the husband of Chane Tuchfeld, who died in house 88 four months later. House numbers came in handy for this Rzeszow couple.
|Hersz Tuchfeld’s 1856 Rzeszow Death Record|
|Chane Tuchfeld’s 1856 Rzeszow Death Record|
Jacobson and Jacobson Genealogy Researchers http://www.bocafengshui.com/genealogy.html specializing in Jewish Galician Genealogy Research.